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Raynham, Massachusetts.  Incorporated 1731

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Raynham Town Seal
 
WATER RESOURCE PROTECTION OVERLAY DISTRICT
ARTICLE ELEVEN:  WATER RESOURCE PROTECTION OVERLAY DISTRICT
(added Annual Town Meeting May 21, 1990)
(amended Annual Town Meeting May 18, 1992)

11.1            PURPOSE:

The purpose of the Water Resource Protection Overlay District is to protect the public health of the residents of the town of Raynham from contamination of existing and potential public groundwater supplies and to protect, preserve and maintain the aquifers and recharge areas of existing and potential groundwater supplies within the town as sources of public water.

11.2   DEFINITIONS:          

Aquifer:  A geologic formation composed of saturated, permeable material that contains significant amounts of potable groundwater capable of being withdrawn for public use.

Groundwater:  All subsurface water that saturates the openings in rocks and unconsolidated deposits.

Hazardous Material:  Any substance or combination of substances, including any liquid petroleum product, that, because of quantity, concentration or physical, chemical or infectious characteristics, poses a significant present or potential hazard to water supplies or to human health if generated or disposed of into or on any land or water in this town.  Any substance deemed a “hazardous waste” in Massachusetts General Laws Chapter 21C, as amended, shall also be deemed a hazardous material for purposes of this bylaw.

Impervious Surface:  Natural or manmade material on or above the ground that does not allow surface water to penetrate into the soil.

Lot Coverage:  The percentage of any lot covered by impervious areas shall not include wetland resource areas, as defined by the Massachusetts Wetlands Protection Act, as from time to time amended.  (added ATM 05/16/05)

Outdoor Storage:  Any storage that is not in a structure with roof, floor and at least three side, all of impervious material.

Public Well:  A well providing potable water to at least 15 service connections or serving on a regular basis at least 25 people.

Recharge:  The process by which water is added to the saturated zone of any aquifer either by direct infiltration of rainfall or by indirect inputs from surface sources or from adjoining subsurface sources and whether by reason of natural flow or by reason of pumping from a present or future well.

Recharge Area:  Any area of porous, permeable geologic deposits, especially, but not exclusively, deposits of sand and gravel, through which water from any source will recharge an aquifer.

Solid Waste:  Any solid material, putrescible or nonputrescible, combustible or nonconbustible, including, but not limited to, garbage, rubbish, stumps and brush but not including other vegetative material.

11.3    SCOPE OF AUTHORITY:          

The Water Resource Protection Overlay District is an overlay district and shall be superimposed on other districts established by this bylaw.  All regulations of the Town of Raynham Zoning Bylaw applicable to such underlying districts shall remain in effect, except that where the Water Resource Protection Overlay District imposes additional regulations, such regulations shall apply in addition to the regulations applicable to the underlying districts.

11.4            DESCRIPTION OF ZONES

11.4.1  Certain Water Resource Protection Overlay District Zones are hereby established within the Town.  These Zones contain aquifers and/or aquifer recharge areas as determined by standard geological and hydrogeologic investigations that have included observation wells, exiting boring data, geophysical techniques, pump tests, water samples and geologic maps.  These Zones have been modified in accordance with the provisions of section 11.4.3 below.

11.4.2  The boundaries of the Water Resource Protection Overlay District Zones are delineated on a Geographic Information System Map at a scale of 1 inch = 1000 feet, dated May 19, 2008*.  This map, as it may be amended from time to time, is entitled, “Town of Raynham Water Resource Protection Overlay District." **  This map is on file in the office of the Town Clerk and is hereby made a part of this bylaw.  These boundaries reflect the best hydrogeologic information available as of the date of the maps.  Where these bounds are in doubt or in dispute, the burden of proof shall be upon the owner(s) of the land in question to show where the boundaries should be properly located.  At the request of the owner(s), the town may engage a professional geologist, hydrogeologist, engineer, or other qualified expert trained and experienced in hydrogeology to determine more accurately the location and extent of an aquifer or recharge area, and may charge the owner(s) for the entire cost of the investigation.  **  Added at A.T.M. 05/15/06    

The new boundaries are shown on the map below.*  

   * Amended ATM 05/19/08

11.4.3  The boundaries of the Water Resource Protection Overlay District
Zone have been adjusted to include wetlands and bodies of surface water surrounded by or adjacent to recharge areas and to follow property lines or street lines or identifiable physical features to facilitate locating them on the ground.

11.4.4  The Water Resource Protection Overlay District Zone includes
                       the following Zones:

ZONE I: The area within a 400 foot radius of an existing
public well.

ZONE II: The area above that portion of any aquifer that
will contribute water to an existing public well, as
determined by standard geologic and hydrogeologic investigation,under the most severe recharge and
pumping conditions that can be realistically anticipated,
that is pumping at a maximum safe yield for 180 days
without recharge.
ZONE III: The recharge area to an existing public well
or the area that is expected, based on current information
derived from standard geologic and hydrogeologic
investigation, to recharge a future public well.


11.5           REGULATED ACTIVITIES:  

Each activity referred to in the following table of regulated activities is intended to have the same meaning as any equivalent use or activity specified in the Raynham Zoning Bylaws.




TABLE OF REGULATED ACTIVITIES
KEY:    N - PROHIBITED                          SPZBA - SPECIAL PERMIT ZONING
        Y – PERMITTED                                  BOARD OF APPEALS
               







                               
ZONE I                          ZONE II                         ZONE III  

11.5.1  PROHIBITED USES:

        Disposal of hazardous           N                                               N                                               N
              materials

Dry Cleaning processing plants  N                                               N                                               N

Outdoor storage of un-
contained fertilizers,
herbicides and pesticides               N                                               N                                               N
Outdoor storage of un-
covered, uncontained            N                                               N                                               N
manure

Junk Yards                              N                                               N                                               N

Outdoor storage of
uncontained (added
A.T.M. 5/18/92) salt
and de-icing chemicals                  N                                               N                                               N

Discharge of industrial
process waste (treated                  N                                               N*                                      N*
and untreated) to surface
       water or groundwater
Commercial piggery                      N                                               N                                               N

Floor drains which drain directly
into the ground as per
Massachusetts regulations
310CMR 22.21(2)(a)8  **                 N                                               N                                               N
Earth removal within four
feet of the historic high
water table as per
Massachusetts Regulations
310 CMR 22.21 (2)(b)6  **       N                                               N                                               N

*              Not applicable to holders of a federal or state permit on the effect
date of this bylaw or to their successors in title. (For so long as the permit remains valid).

**      (added A.T.M 5/20/96)          
  
11.5.1  PROHIBITED USES, Continued (this section was added A.T.M. 5/18/92)
                                        ZONE I                           ZONE II                                 ZONE III
        Auto Graveyards, as                     N                               N                                                 N
defined in Massachusetts
General Laws Chapter 140B,
Section 1
Outdoor storage of                      N                                               N                       N
uncontained soil conditioners
as defined in Massachusetts
General Laws Chapter 128,
Section 64
Landfilling of sludge                   N                                               N                       SPZBA
and septage, as defined
in 310 Code of Massachusetts
Regulations 32.05
Privately owned sewage                  N                                               N                       SPZBA
              treatment plant

Facilities that generate
treat, store or dispose
of hazardous waste that                 N                                               N                       SPZBA
are subject to Massachusetts
General Laws Chapter 21C and
310 Code of Massachusetts
Regulations 30.00, except for
the following:
a.      very small quantity generators, as defined by 310 Code of Massachusetts Regulations 30.00;

b.      household hazardous waste collection centers and events operated pursuant to 310 Code of Massachusetts Regulations 30.390;

c.      waste oil retention facilities required by Massachusetts General Laws, Chapter 21, Section 52A; and

d.      water remediation treatment works approved under 314 Code of Massachusetts Regulations 5.00.




 ZONE I                ZONE II                 ZONE  III

11.5.2  SPECIAL ACTIVITIES:           
 
Storage of liquid (added                     
         “liquid” and Y**’s at
A.T.M. 5/18/92) hazardous              N                       Y**                             Y**          
 material                                                                       Y***                            Y***

Storage of liquid
petroleum products except                       N                       N                               SPZBA
for storage in a
freestanding container
within a building or
above ground storage of
fuel oil for consumptive
use on the premises
Earth removal or mining
operations in accordance                        N                       Y                               Y
with Raynham Bylaws

Discharge of liquid
wastes that require                             N                       SPZBA                   SPZBA
DEP approval

Dumping of salt-
               contaminated snow                               N                       N *                             SPZBA
                Municipal landfill                              N                       N                               SPZBA
      
        Non-sanitary wastewater                             N                   N                               SPZBA
treatment facilities
as per 310 CMR
22.21 (2)(b)3  (added A.T.M 5/20/96)

                        *       Amended A.T.M. 5/20/96         

 **     If stored pursuant to 310 Code of Massachusetts Regulations,
          Section 22.21

***     If stored pursuant to 310 CMR 22.21 (2)(b)2 (added A.T.M. 5/20/96)



11.5.2  SPECIAL ACTIVITIES, Continued (this Section of 11.5.2 was added A.T.M. 5/18/92)

ZONE I                    ZONE II                       ZONE III
Private landfills
and open dumps                          N                    N                          SPZBA

Storage of sludge
                   and septage                                 N               Y***                            Y***
                                                                                       Y****                               Y****

Storage of liquid
petroleum products                              N               N                                            SPZBA
except if stored pursuant
to 310 Code of Massachusetts
Regulations, Section 22.21
11.5.3  RESIDENTIAL ACTIVITIES         

Detached single-family
               dwelling                                        N               Y                                   Y
    
                Conversion of dwellings                 N               Y                                               Y
                Residential subdivision                 N               Y                                       Y
                Mobile home park                        N               Y                                       Y
                Multi-family development                N               Y                                       Y
  





 
  ***  If stored pursuant to 310 Code of Massachusetts Regulations,
                                  Section 32.3-31

****  If stored pursuant to 310 CMR 32.30 and 32.31          
 
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                        ZONE I          ZONE II         ZONE III

11.5.4  COMMUNITY ACTIVITIES

Churches or other
religious uses                                                          N                  Y                 Y

Facilities or areas for
recreational purposes                                           N                  Y                       Y
not operated for profit

        Hospital or nursing home                                                N               SPZBA                Y
                        Cemetery                                                                N               SPZBA               Y
Municipal or education use                                                  N           SPZBA                Y
Municipally owned waste-
                       water treatment plant                                           N               SPZBA           SPZBA
11.5.5  AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES          
 
Conservation, open space,
horticulture and flori-                                                 N               Y                 Y
culture except a greenhouse     
or stand for retail sale of
products which are not all
raised on the premises
Year-round greenhouse or
nursery stand for whole-
sale and retail sale of                                                 N               SPZBA           SPZBA
agriculture, forestry,
nursery or farm products
which are raised on or off
the premises
Agriculture tree nurseries
               and orchards                                                            N               SPZBA                      SPZBA
        Forestry                                                                        N                    Y                             Y
 






                                                                        ZONE I                  ZONE II                 ZONE III
11.5.6  BUSINESS ACTIVITIES
          
                Establishments selling                                         N                SPZBA           Y
       goods at retail

Business or professional                                     N                  SPZBA           Y
offices
       
Bank                                                                 N                  Y                       Y
                        Restaurant or other                                 N                    SPZBA                  Y
eating place

Hotel, inn or motel                                           N                          SPZBA                  Y

Combined business and
residential use in accor-
dance with applicable                                     N                       Y                             Y       
zoning bylaw of the
Raynham Bylaws
                       Lodge or club                                             N                             SPZBA                           Y
        
Convalescent home or                                      N                             SPZBA                           Y
sanitarium
       
        Funeral establishment                                     N                             SPZBA                   Y
                Veterinary hospital                                       N                             SPZBA                           Y
Establishments for
    boarding, renting and                                N                             SPZBA                   Y
sale of animals
Personal service estab-
lishment                                                        N                       SPZBA                           Y
Facilities or areas
operated for profit for                                 N                       SPZBA                           Y
recreational purposes

Car Wash                                                    N                   N                       SPZBA

Automotive service stations
repair establishments and                                   N                           N                                 SPZBA
garages
Sale of motorized                                       N                        SPZBA                  Y
vehicles


                ZONE I                          ZONE II                         ZONE III
11.5.7  INDUSTRIAL ACTIVITIES          

                        Warehouse as a principal                        N                                               SPZBA                           SPZBA
use

Repair of trucks and                                    N                                               N                                    Y
heavy equipment

Light manufacturing                                     N                                                    SPZBA                                    Y

11.6    RESIDENTIAL LOT REQUIREMENTS WITHIN A ZONE II          
 
11.6.1  Residential lots without benefit of Town Sewerage will be a minimum of 60,000 square feet.  

Pursuant to 310 Code of Massachusetts Regulations, Section 22.21, 110 gallons per quarter acre per day of septage is allowed to be discharged into the ground.  (added A.T.M. 5/18/92).

11.6.2  Residential lots serviced by Town Sewerage will be a minimum of 45,000 square feet.

11.6.3  Not more than 15% of any residential lot shall have impervious surface; provided, however, that, by special permit, a larger percentage of a residential lot may have impervious surface if the special permit granting authority (Zoning Board of Appeals) finds that a system for artificial recharge of precipitation is provided that will not result in the degradation of groundwater quality.


11.7    BUSINESS AND INDUSTRIAL LOTS

Those business and industrial uses that are permitted in the ZONE II area must meet the following requirements:

11.7.1  Render impervious surface not more than 15% (*changed from 20% at A.T.M. 5/18/92) of any lot and develop the remainder such that there is no increase in run off over that experienced prior to development, provided, however, that by special permit, a larger percentage of a business or industrial lot may have impervious surface if the special permit granting authority (Zoning Board of Appeals) finds that a system for artificial recharge of precipitation is provided that will not result in the degradation of groundwater quality.

11.7.2  Parking facilities and drainage structures shall permit no increase in run off from the site.
11.7.3  No stormwater shall be permitted to be recharged to the groundwater
before passing through oil and grease traps and sediment traps.  These traps will be constructed, operated, and maintained in a manner acceptable to the Raynham Highway Department, Board of Health, Conservation Commission and all other Boards and Officials deemed appropriate.

11.7.4  Pursuant to 310 Code of Massachusetts Regulations, Section 22.21, 110 gallons per quarter acre per day of septage is allowed to be discharged into the ground.  (added A.T.M. 5/18/92).

11.8    ROADWAYS AND DRAINAGE

11.8.1  All roadways and drainage structures will be designed for the twenty-five (25) year storm event to achieve zero (0) run off from the site.

11.9    ADMINISTRATION AUTHORITY          
 
11.9.1  The Zoning Board of Appeals is established as the Special Permit Granting Authority (SPGA) for the purposes of this bylaw.

11.9.2  All Special Permits are subject to Massachusetts General Laws (as amended) Chapter 40A Section 9.

11.10   APPEAL          

Appeal from any decision of the applicable SPGA may be done in accordance with the provisions of Massachusetts General Laws (as amended) Chapter 40A Section 17.


 
Town of Raynham 558 South Main St., Raynham, MA 02767
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